Appium is one of the best and sophisticated automation framework that is implemented in Android devices enormously where you can write your Appium scripts in almost any programming language. It supports intermittently the continuous integration that can ensure a convenient Android and iOS operation. It uses the same WebDriver and DesiredCapabilities is used in the same way. Configuring an application to run on Appium has a lot of similarities to Selenium.
Espresso is also precisely used in Android and iOS device automation framework as it gives the developers fast feedback on their code changes so they can move on to the next feature or defect fix, having a robust and fast test framework plays a vital role. The things that should be mentioned here that the large community powered by Google that pushes the Espresso test automation framework and allows easy and fast ramp up for newcomers.
Robotium has been already attained a diverse appreciation across the Android and iOS framework automation as it manages a few testing activities simultaneously which ensures to run the device in a dynamic manner.